CBD products are popular in most parts of the world. These hemp-based products are manufactured into capsules, topicals, tinctures, vapes, gummies, edibles, or beverages. Elements available in the hemp plant include cannabidiol (CBD), tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), terpenes, and flavonoids. The CBD market started gaining popularity in the USA after the legalization of cultivation of the hemp plant in 2018. Most countries are now legalizing CBD products because of their purported benefits. CBD products in Europe are legalized depending on various factors. One of the major factors is the THC levels available in the products. This article highlights the legality of CBD oil and CBD ingestible products in Europe.

Types of CBD Oil and Ingestible Products

There are three types of CBD; full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolate. The three types are distinguished using the elements found in the products.

Full Spectrum CBD Oil

Full-spectrum CBD oil is also called “whole.” It contains all the elements of the hemp plant, including CBD, THC, terpenes, and flavonoids. According to various studies, THC levels in products are responsible for the “high” feeling. CBD has been associated with various wellness benefits, such as reducing anxiety, stress, depression, and pain. Also, cannabis has about 150 terpenes responsible for smell and taste. The plant has a total of 20 flavonoids which are nearly found in all plants; vegetables, grains, and fruits.

Broad Spectrum CBD

Broad-spectrum CBD oil is closely related to full-spectrum, but CBD lacks THC. It has terpenes, flavonoids, and CBD. Broad-spectrum CBD poses less “high” effect. However, it’s not guaranteed to avoid THC completely by using this type of CBD.


Most people who wish to benefit from CBD only prefer isolate formulation. It is the pure state of CBD, void of THC, terpenes, and flavonoids. Most brands across Europe offer it without flavors to maintain purer CBD. Also, since some people dislike the earthy taste of the cannabis plant, some brands offer it in different flavors.

The Legality of CBD Ingestible and Oils in Europe

Although CBD has been authorized in the UK and other parts of Europe, certain conditions exist. Most European countries such as Croatia, Italy, Spain, Croatia, Germany, the Czech Republic, and Estonia legalized CBD products over a decade ago. However, if you are using CBD products for medication, ensure you have a “Schengen Certificate” filled out by your doctor confirming you are on medication.

The question of the legality of CBD products also surrounds the traveling industry. To be on the safe side of the law, ensure you check with your destination whether they permit CBD products. However, most European countries allow CBD products with THC levels within 0.2%, which is the limit for the UK. In other parts of Europe, THC levels are higher. Therefore, while you plan to travel from one European country to another, confirm THC levels are within 0.2%. Although most countries in Europe have restricted THC levels to a maximum of 0.2%, some, like Italy, have a limit of 0.6%.

Although CBD products are allowed in the UK, they must be packed in liquid form as recommended by the law. In the UK, legal products include CBD e-liquids for cigarettes and CBD oil. Any other product such as topicals and capsules are illegal in most parts of Europe.

How to Assess the Best CBD Oil or Ingestible in Europe

Buying CBD products within the European market requires one to be keen on quality and legality. Therefore, consider the following factors while you are buying CBD products;

The Lab Results

Assess the lab results before buying to ensure they contain the required THC and CBD concentrations. First, confirm the THC levels required by your counties, such as 0.2% for the UK and 0.6% for Italy. Buying your products from a reputable brand using a certified lab minimizes the inaccurate lab results. Also, as a safety measure, confirm that CBD potency variance posted on the labels and the ones in the products has a variance of at most 10% to avoid overdosing. Confirm the products is void of contaminants such as solvents and heavy metals.

The Type of Product

Although some brands infuse their products with CBD, only CBD oil is allowed in most European countries. Therefore, avoid other products unless the state you are in permits them. However, CBD oil can be administered alongside various products to enhance consumption and avoid the awful taste of the cannabis plant. Consider buying Vcaps and infuse them with CBD if you wish to take in capsules form. Vcaps are empty capsules that fill various substances, including CBD oil. Also, you can add the recommended dose to your foods or beverages.


With the rise of CBD of products worldwide due to their wellness benefits, there are over 150 CBD manufacturers in Europe. CBD oil/tinctures are legal in nearly all European countries, unlike ingestible. However, in the UK, avoid ingestible such as capsules. The legality of CBD products also depends on THC concentration due to their intoxication impact. Although we have countries such as Italy permitting 0.6% THC levels, the UK and other nations allow 0.3% and below. Suppose you are traveling; it’s important to confirm with your destination if they allow CBD products or the THC levels permitted. However, if you use CBD products for medication, you will need a Schengen Certificate from your authorized doctor.

Anastasia Filipenko is a health and wellness psychologist, dermatolist and a freelance writer. She frequently covers beauty and skincare, food trends and nutrition, health and fitness and relationships. When she's not trying out new skincare products, you'll find her taking a cycling class, doing yoga, reading in the park, or trying a new recipe.

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