Cannabis usage is getting more popular by the day. Various products, such as CBD shatter, are highly potent, effective, and embraced by several avid CBD users. Read on to learn more about CBD shatter and how it’s made.
Congress passed the Farm Bill in 2018, which led to the legalization of hemp products. Therefore, many people are trying out the new commodity due to its several therapeutic properties. Bearing in mind the different CBD consumption types, some manufacturers have invented different ways the substance can be taken, including CBD shatter. The target market is pot smokers who aim to get a heavier hit of CBD due to its higher potency. Shatter is made through solvent extraction or the use of CO2 extraction. This article will explain more about CBD shatter, how it’s made, and its effects.
WHAT IS CBD?
CBD is one of the compounds found in the hemp plant. The compound has many benefits for the human body, prompting the government to lift the burn on the use of CBD products. Hemp was removed from the legal definition of marijuana, allowing the cultivation, plantation, harvesting, process, and manufacturing of several hemp-derived products. In the new law, farmers were permitted to cultivate hemp plants, but the amount of THC contained in the plant should not exceed 0.3 %. This action of the government in the regulation of the amount of THC is due to the psychoactive effect of THC; it causes a ‘high’ feeling. According to Atalay et al. (2020), CBD has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that relieve inflammation and muscle pains.
WHAT IS SHATTER?
In appearance, the shatter resembles glassy candy. In a cool state, it has a glassy appearance, but when subjected to heat, the glassy substance turns to honey-like yellow oil that spreads on the hitting object. It is highly brittle when subject to sheer pressure and can easily break, hence the name shatter. Furthermore, the substance is highly potent because it contains pure CBD concentrate. Even though it is highly potent, the potency of the final substance influences its flavor.
HOW TO MAKE CBD SHATTER
It is easier to buy an already made CBD shatter. Still, if you want to make your CBD shatter, various processes can be used. Wongawailikhit & Jiratchaya (2021) mentioned various processes for making CBD shatter. Still, our focus will be on the use of butane extraction.
- The solvent
- Coffee filters
- Many trichomes bud
- A glass-holding dish.
- Cans to place the extract and the trichomes buds.
In this method, we will use the closed-loop extraction system where the trichomes buds are placed in the dab rig, and the butane is added to the trichomes. This purpose is to separate cannabidiol from the other compounds in the hemp plant. After adding the solvent and getting the extract, the solution undergoes a vigorous heating process to get the final concentrate rich in CBD.
Some considerations in the process should be taken to account because of the use of butane, which is highly flammable. To combat the situation, a process known as the “purge operation” is involved, which is recommended at 91 degrees—for about 15 hours, depending on the number of trichomes used. The process requires you to place the substance in a dish with a lid on top and then a pump passing through the middle, pulling the air and butane from the substance.
A trick that has also been discovered to get the best concentrate and is of higher potency is using the roots straighteners. In addition, the use of foliar spray also aids in the improvement of the quality of the shatter obtained. The foliar spray feeds the plant with much-needed nutrients together and also ensures that the plant becomes more effective.
Of the other methods, this is the most effective compared to CO2 extraction, where the alternate product will lack its texture due to moisture removal from the plant.
INGREDIENTS AND REQUIREMENTS
- An oven glove
- Parchment paper
- Hair straightener
- Pour the kief into a parchment paper where it is advised that the paper should be squarely in nature.
- Fold the parchment paper very tightly. A tape might be helpful if you want to keep the parchment paper on the kief.
- Using another parchment paper, add on top of the parchment paper to cover the kief.
- Turn your hair straightener on but ensure it is in the lowest temperature settings and heat it for about 2 minutes.
- After this, effectively clump the hair straightener over the already made kief together and press it downward. One hand clamps the iron shut and presses down with the other so the iron is squeezed between the hand and the table. This process should be done in 10 seconds. Tris process should be done cautiously so that you cannot be burned.
- After the procedure, remove the parchment paper containing kief from the hair straightener. On the edges of the kief from the paper, you will notice some honey-colored substance. This is what is referred to as the shatter.
- Repeat this process over and over until you get the desired amount of shatter.
HOW TO STORE SHATTER
Good storage should be considered to maintain the higher potency, flavor, and consistency of the shatter. Poor storage also renders the brittle substance to breakage and destruction; therefore, shatter should be stored in a cool room where the container in which the shatter is placed is lightproof and airtight. This is aimed at maintaining the potency and concentration of the shatter. Furthermore, protect the shatter from moisture, high temperatures, direct sunlight, and UV lights.
For those who prefer CBD extract, then this is the perfect solution for you. The above explanation gives the different methods used to make CBD shatter. Even though shatter is an oil extract, it contains a high potency of CBD. Hence, the notion that CBD oil and extract are the same is null. The extraction process of CBD shatter is done through either the use of solvent extraction or CO2 extraction. In solvent extraction, the most preferred solvent is butane, purged to remove butane from the extract.
Al-Zouabi, I., Stogner, J. M., Miller, B. L., & Lane, E. S. (2018). Butane hash oil and dabbing: insights into use, amateur production techniques, and potential harm mitigation. Substance abuse and rehabilitation, 9, 91.
Atalay, S., Jarocka-Karpowicz, I., & Skrzydlewska, E. (2020). Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of cannabidiol. Antioxidants, 9(1), 21.
Sagar, K. A., Lambros, A. M., Dahlgren, M. K., Smith, R. T., & Gruber, S. A. (2018). Made from concentrate? A national web survey assessing dab use in the United States. Drug and alcohol dependence, 190, 133-142.
Wongwailikhit, K., & Jiratchaya, J. (2021). Comparison of the two common solvents for THC and CBD extractions. Proc. 7th World Congr. Mech. Chem. Mater. Eng, 1-7.