Root vegetables are edible plants with underground growth, for instance, onions, turnips, radishes, carrots, and potatoes commonly known.

Most of them originated from South America and Asia, and their consumption has expanded significantly over the years. Even though these vegetables lack greater nutrients than leafy greens, a significant population has reported their health benefits. Root vegetables have become part of our dishes daily, and most people can’t imagine doing without them. Have you ever imagined what nutrients they comprise? These questions are necessary and need answers to understand their significance to their health. Each individual should consider the significance of the healthiest root vegetables to increase their consumption. Comparing age difference that prefers adding them to their daily dishes, the elderly understand their value compared to the youth. This article will help you know the healthiest root vegetables.


Turnips are vegetables related to the cruciferous family, implying similar health benefits as brussels sprouts, broccoli, kale, cabbage, and collard greens. Additionally, they contain high amounts of magnesium, calcium, and potassium, which doctors imply that they minimize risks of triglycerides, cholesterol, blood pressure and promote heart health. Also, root vegetables are rich in fiber, a nutrient that boosts digestive health, and vitamin C responsible for supporting body immunity and promoting skin health. Concerning various cruciferous vegetables, this variety has indoles phytonutrients linked with cancer protection, particularly colorectal, lung, breast, gastric, and prostate cancers. Although some people prefer cooked, others peel them and consume them raw, which are even more beneficial.

Sweet potatoes

Most people find sweet potatoes as nutritious, delicious, and starchy, making them suitable for their healthy diet. They exist in distinct colors and sizes, such as purple, orange, and white. Sweet potatoes contribute to your health significantly because they are rich in nutrients. They contain high vitamin A contents. For instance, a single cup of cooked sweet potato offers 156% of Vitamin A only, among other nutrients (manganese 50% and vitamin C with a similar proportion provide 65%). Also, sweet potatoes contain high fiber and antioxidants like pantothenic acids, niacin, copper, chlorogenic acid, and anthocyanin. According to nutritionists, frequent consumption of potatoes improves digestion, healthy vision, immunity, brains health, fight cancer and dangerous diseases. They are easily added to your diet either by steaming, roasting, baking, or boiling, without or with skin. Moreover, their natural delicacy ensures excellently incorporated into savory and sweet dishes.


Most people identify beets as red roots rich in nutrients, including antioxidants, folate, manganese, and fiber. They are also loaded with nitrates that trigger nitric oxide production from the blood vessels’ inner lining. Inline, nitric oxide naturally relaxes and dilates the vessels, decreasing blood pressure. Therefore, they are the perfect solution for people with blood pressure spikes. Notably, the blood pressure might reduce significantly together with medications. The doctors have confirmed that nitrates elevate blood flow to your brain, boost lung function, elongate fatigue time, empower muscle contraction to elevate exercise tolerance, enhancing athletes’ performance and endurance. Also, nitrates might stimulate quick muscle restoration and reduce inflammation. The presence of high folate guarantees an inherent hemoglobin boost.

Furthermore, they have a significant amount of vitamin C and iron which cooperate to facilitate iron uptake in the human body. Beets are good for garnishing, juices, and salads soups. Further, they can be steamed, boiled, roasted, to provide or fermented to provide probiotic aids.


Radishes are low-carbohydrates, hardy root vegetables containing high nutrient content, which might help combat some health issues. These vegetables are packed with vitamin C. For instance, 116 grams or one cup of uncooked radishes offer 29%  of the nutrients you need in a day. In addition, they are loaded with other nutrients like selenium, manganese, zinc, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron calcium, B2, and B6, niacin, vitamin K, folate, and copper, although in small amounts. Radishes help inhibit gastric ulcers and support overall digestive health, combat fungal infections resulting from candida albicans, and offer protection against cancer. Interestingly, people eat them uncooked or add them to sandwiches or salads.


Onions are root vegetables commonly used in many dishes. They are packed with antioxidants, minerals, vitamins, and different plant compounds confirmed to provide several aids, including fighting particular health issues. Research shows that onions have more than 25 antioxidants (flavonoids), including anthocyanin and quercetin, which reduce the chances of contracting heart attack and heart disease, fights specific cancers, and inhibit diabetes complications. Moreover, they contain high sulfur substances like onionin A, responsible for reducing tumor growth, particularly ovarian and lung. Also, onions regulate blood sugar, offer antibacterial benefits, and improve bone density.


Garlic is an essential root vegetable that should be included in a daily recipe. This vegetable is closely linked to shallots, leeks, chives, and onions, although it produces a greater pungent smell and nutritional value. Traditionally, it was largely utilized in East Asia, the Middle East, and Nepal to diagnose colic, dysentery, liver disorders, flatulence, rheumatic disease, diabetes, blood pressure spikes, intestinal worms, and tuberculosis. In this regard, garlic packs allium, an active compound in hindering cardiovascular diseases, reducing blood sugar, controlling blood pressure, decreasing cholesterol, combating parasitic, bacterial, fungal infections, therefore boosting your immune system. More so, it adds flavor to side dishes, stews, soups, sauces, or main courses.


Carrots are commonly used root vegetables, especially in preparing soups. These vegetables are significantly nutritious, providing wide quantities of antioxidant beta carotene, vitamin K, and vitamin A. High beta carotene consumption fights age-linked AMD or Macular Degeneration, responsible for vision loss. It also decreases certain cancer risks, including gastric, breast, prostate cancers. Researchers show that carrot consumption decreases cholesterol and boosts antioxidant status in animals and humans.


Root vegetables comprise those vegetables with underground growth. Although some people find it tedious to prepare, they can consider turnips, beets, garlic, onion, carrots, and sweet potatoes, which can be consumed raw or are easy to prepare. Raw ones are loaded with nutrients and aid in improving immunity, combating inflammation, hindering chronic conditions, boosting eye health, and healthy bones. Therefore, adding one or two servings of these vegetables to your dish is beneficial. Combining various nutrient-dense foods with root vegetables helps optimize your health and diet. Although some of these vegetables have fewer nutrients than leafy greens, they still offer quality nutrition.

Ieva Kubiliute

Ieva Kubiliute is a psychologist and a sex and relationships advisor and a freelance writer. She's also a consultant to several health and wellness brands. While Ieva specialises in covering wellness topics ranging from fitness and nutrition, to mental wellbeing, sex and relationships and health conditions, she has written across a diverse range of lifestyle topics, including beauty and travel. Career highlights so far include: luxury spa-hopping in Spain and joining an £18k-a-year London gym. Someone’s got to do it! When she’s not typing away at her desk—or interviewing experts and case studies, Ieva winds down with yoga, a good movie and great skincare (affordable of course, there’s little she doesn’t know about budget beauty). Things that bring her endless joy: digital detoxes, oat milk lattes and long country walks (and sometimes jogs).

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