Ayurvedic medicine is a popular term today, especially when people talk about health issues. Although there no studies support it, incorporating its lifestyle habits would undoubtedly help you improve your health.

Ayurvedic practices and medicine stem from the word Ayurveda, an Indian term denoting ‘the science of life.’ Generally, such practices and lifestyle habits rely on the principle that one’s health depends on his Ayurvedic composition, which informs his humor of life. Ayurvedic lifestyle includes three doshas or humor of life; vata, kapha, and pitta. Although no studies back these practices, Ayurvedic proponents believe that knowing your dosha and sticking to its corresponding diet, exercise, and lifestyle habits helps boost your well-being. This article is your primer and helps you learn everything about the three Ayurvedic doshas.

Ayurvedic elements and the three doshas

In coming up with Ayurveda, its proponents based their principles on five elements, otherwise known as the Ayurvedic elements, including aakash (space), jala (water), aakash (space),teja (fire), prithvi (earth), and vayu (air). The proponents believe that when any two of these elements combine, they form the three doshas; vata, kapha, and pitta, which everyone has, although in varying ratios. They also believe that one’s dominant dosha informs his physique, psychology, emotions, and mentality, ultimately affecting his health.

Furthermore, depending on how much of the dosha you have, you need to stick to a given diet, exercise, and lifestyle habits. The proponents also claim that every person’s uniqueness is informed by his doshas’ ratio, which constitutes the Ayurvedic constitution. When an Ayurvedic practitioner determines your constitution and you stick to it, it is believed that you will be optimally healthy. Unfortunately, studies are lacking on Ayurvedic medicine, and it has become hard to tell the practices’ credibility. However, the proponents believe that folk medicine is powerful, and in-depth research will soon confirm its potency.

The three doshas explained

Ayurveda believes that one’s physical, mental, behavioral, and emotional characteristics can accurately inform a practitioner of his dosha. As mentioned earlier, we all have the three doshas, only that the composition varies from a person to another. Here is an overview of each of the dosha.

        i.            Vata

Vata consists of air and space and is also called esther. This Ayurvedic combination is described as cold, flowing, dry, rough, and spacious and is represented by the autumn season, which has crisp and cold days. People dominated by vata are physically slim and are known to be energetic and creative. They think out of the box and develop new ideas but easily get distracted by simple things. Besides, weather, what they eat, and those with whom they associate easily influence them and their behaviors.

What are vata strongholds? Vata-dominated individuals are ‘ever on the go,’ highly creative, critical thinkers, and kind-hearted people who are physically slim.

Vata’s weaknesses include being anxious, forgetful, easily disappointed and overwhelmed, poor air circulation causing cold feet and hands, weather sensitivity, poor sleep and eating patterns, and predisposition to digestive issues.

According to Ayurveda, vata-dominant people can counter their weaknesses by keeping warm and avoiding cold, sticking to a regular daily routine, taking warm foods and drinks, doing calming activities, and meditating to avoid stress.

     ii.            Kapha

Kapha is the other dosha element and comprises earth and water. It is described as soft, heavy, cold, slow, stable, and steady and is symbolized by the spring season when most organisms hibernate. According to Ayurveda, kapha-dominant people are thick-boned, strong, and caring, making them stable support systems and easily put things together. In addition, they take things slow, are composed, think about their actions before committing them, deliberate on issues, and rarely get disappointed.

What are kapha strongholds? Kapha-dominant people are trustworthy, reliable, wise, romantic, happy, and caring. In addition, they have a strong immune system, and their bones and joints are strong.

Kapha’s weaknesses include susceptibility to breathing problems like asthma and allergies as well as weight gain, a need for constant motivation and encouragement, mucus buildup, increased heart disease risk, and depression from time to time.

According to Ayurveda, kapha-dominant people should maintain a routine, stick to a healthy diet, and keep warm by taking warm foods or sitting in the sauna.

   iii.            Pitta

Pitta is the last of the Ayurvedic dosha and comprises fire and water, and is linked with the tenacious personality. It is described as oily, hot, mobile, sharp, and light. The summer season is typically hot and sunny and symbolizes pitta dosha. If you are pitta-dominant, you would make a strong leader and be athletic or a muscle builder. In addition, such people are self-motivated, goal-oriented, and competitive, but others may find their tenacity pissing and off-putting, leading to constant fights.

What are pitta strongholds? Pitta-dominant characters master skills faster, are naturally good leaders, have a good immune system, purpose to do things and succeed, learn things quickly, and possess quick metabolism, good hair and body, and good circulation, rarely suffering from feet and hand coldness.

Pitta’s weaknesses include constantly feeling hungry and having mood swings at such moments, easily falling into conflicts, impatience, high predisposition to acne and inflammation, and hot temperature sensitivity.

Following the weaknesses stated above, Ayurveda states that a pitta-dominant person should balance work and other life aspects and keep off extreme heat on hot days or spicy foods for optimal life.

Ayurvedic diet

Although no studies support Ayurveda, many health experts acknowledge that it encourages healthy practices. For instance, it recommends less processed and whole foods. Vegetables, legumes, oats, nuts, herbs, and spices form the core of Ayurvedic diet but vary depending on the dominant dosha.

Ayurvedic exercise

The other reason experts acknowledge Ayurveda is that it also encourages exercises, which improve life condition and reduce the risk of lifestyle diseases like diabetes and heart diseases. Movement exercises like cycling, yoga, running, and tai chi favor vata-dominant people, while kapha-dominant individuals benefit from any movement they make. However, pitta-dominant people benefit most from team exercise.


Ayurveda is an Indian word meaning the science of life and believes that a person’s emotional, behavioral, physical, and emotional characteristics are determined by the dominant component of the Ayurvedic elements. There are three elements; vata, pitta, and kapha, and each has its unique description. According to Ayurvedic medicine, regular exercise, a healthy diet, and wholesome habits promote health, while going against your description leads to poor health. Although Ayurveda is not supported by any studies currently, incorporating its healthy practices into life reduces risks to diseases.

For the past years, Tatyana has worked as a sex blogger and a relationship advisor. She has been featured in magazines such as Cosmopolitan, Teen Vogue. Vice, Tatler, Vanity Fair, and many others. Since 2016, Tatyana has focused on sexology, attended various training courses, participated in international conferences and congresses. “I wish people would address sexual issues in a timely manner! Forget shyness, prejudice and feel free to see a sex doctor for help or advice!” Tanya enjoys pursuing her flare for creativity through modelling, graffiti art, astronomy, and technology.

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