CBD may be found in various forms, including sublingual oils, topicals, capsules, vape oils, beverages, and sweets. Here is what CBD stands for and more about it.

About 80 cannabinoids in the Cannabis sativa plant have been identified. One of the most well-known ingredients in cannabis is Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Because of the modest quantities of THC present in hemp as opposed to more potent strains of cannabis, CBD is an excellent alternative to marijuana. Some chemicals in the brain seem to be affected by CBD, although these are distinct from the effects of THC on these same molecules. Seizures are treated using a prescription version of CBD. However, there is no strong enough evidence to support the use of CBD for these and other disorders, including anxiety, pain, dystonia, Parkinsonism, Crohn’s disease, and others for which it is prescribed. Many customers may be surprised to learn “what does CBD stand for?” as cannabis becomes more accepted in mainstream society.


CBD (cannabidiol) is a major phytocannabinoid identified by hemp. It is found in the trichomes and other components of the hemp plant, as well as in the plant itself (leaves, stems, and stalk, albeit lower in concentration). Even though this is a basic concept, the mechanisms involved are much more complex. As part of the body’s endocannabinoid system, cannabinoids, such as CB1 and CB2, interact with receptors in the body to assist in maintaining a healthy level of various biological processes. There is a significant distinction between phytocannabinoids (produced by plants) and cannabinoids (produced by mammals). MacCullum & Russo (2018) found that CBD has grown in popularity since it provides mental and physical health advantages without the euphoric effects generally associated with cannabis.


Many people don’t understand how CBD affects the human body and brain. As of this writing, researchers have discovered over a dozen distinct ways CBD affects the human body. CBD’s health advantages are most likely attributable to the compound’s actions on several biological pathways. Much more study is needed to completely understand how CBD helps with illnesses such as seizures and anxiety. De Almeida & Devi (2020) concluded that numerous body and central nervous system components are directly affected by CBD. The endocannabinoid system includes some of these (ECS).


CBD is an inverse agonist of CB1 receptors, while THC is an agonist of CB1 receptors. This may block THC’s intoxicating effects because it can prevent the effects of THC on that receptor. Our bodies also include several additional ECS receptor proteins, including GPR3, GPR6, and TRPV1. Several of CBD’s anti-inflammation and pain-relieving properties may be mediated via these receptors. CBD also plays a significant role outside the ECS in various other areas. 5-HT1A, which is a major serotonin receptor in the brain, is weakly activated by it, as an example. Mori et al. (2021) reported that cannabidiol (CBD) might help alleviate anxiety and despair.


You may find a large variety of CBD products on the market nowadays. Vape oils, CBD is available as tincture extracts, oil concentrates, topicals, and pure hemp oil from various companies. Many CBD-infused edibles are available, such as gummies, sweets, or chocolates. Sublingual administration is used for tinctures and pure oils. Once the oil has been placed beneath your tongue, wait a few minutes before swallowing.

On the other hand, vape liquids are inhaled using a specific e-pen. CBD can be applied topically as well. Those who use CBD-infused beauty and skin care products believe they benefit their health and well-being. CBD salves for joint and muscle pain are popular among athletes, who use them both before and after workouts. It aids in the relief of soreness and discomfort caused by strenuous exercise.


When considering CBD for the first time, it’s important to understand where it comes from. Cannabidiol derived from cannabis differs greatly from that derived from hemp. Consult your doctor or a doctor familiar with CBD if you’re thinking about trying it for the first time. Users will not become intoxicated by CBD derived from hemp, as it contains little to no THC. According to Anis et al. (2021), CBD is found in conjunction with THC when derived from cannabis. Depending on the final concentration, the THC may have an intoxicating effect. Users will not become intoxicated by CBD derived from hemp, as it contains little to no THC. A state that allows the use of cannabis is the only place you can legally possess the drug. CBD derived from hemp has been legalized in most states. That is, if it is properly sourced per the 2018 Farm Bill regulations. Product labels or the company’s website will tell you whether the CBD is extracted from hemp or marijuana. A product’s certificate of analysis (COA) or lab report is always available from a reputable CBD company.


Others choose to prevent THC intoxication by buying broad spectrum CBD or CBD isolate products. Despite the presence of THC, full spectrum hemp extract has no psychoactive effect on humans. In this case, CBD may prevent THC from binding to ECS receptors in the brain. A full-spectrum hemp extract has just the right amount of THC to enhance CBD’s ability to bind to the body’s cannabinoid receptors without causing undesirable side effects. It’s another reason to go with full spectrum CBD products if potency and efficacy are top priorities. The benefits of CBD extracted from hemp are more in line with a non-psychoactive general health supplement rather than a recreational drug experience. Full spectrum CBD hemp oil that is legal should have a THC concentration of less than 0.3 percent, which is not enough to make you “high.”


Cannabidiol is abbreviated as CBD, but it also represents a shift in how we think about health and well-being. It is possible that using CBD while pregnant or breastfeeding is harmful to you and your baby. The fetus or newborn may be harmed if CBD products are tainted with other potentially dangerous substances. Avoid putting yourself at risk by using it. Epidiolex, a prescription CBD medication, may be safe for children in dosages up to 25 mg/kg daily if taken orally. The FDA allows the use of this medicine in children over one with specific medical issues.


Anis, O., Vinayaka, A. C., Shalev, N., Namdar, D., Nadarajan, S., Anil, S. M., … & Koltai, H. (2021). Cannabis-Derived Compounds Cannabichromene And Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Interact And Exhibit Cytotoxic Activity Against Urothelial Cell Carcinoma Correlated With Inhibition Of Cell Migration And Cytoskeleton Organization. Molecules, 26(2), 465.

De Almeida, D. L., & Devi, L. A. (2020). Diversity Of Molecular Targets And Signaling Pathways For CBD. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives, 8(6), E00682.

Maccallum, C. A., & Russo, E. B. (2018). Practical Considerations In Medical Cannabis Administration And Dosing. European Journal Of Internal Medicine, 49, 12-19.

Mori, M. A., Meyer, E., Da Silva, F. F., Milani, H., Guimarães, F. S., & Oliveira, R. M. W. (2021). Differential Contribution Of CB1, CB2, 5‐HT1A, And PPAR‐Γ Receptors To Cannabidiol Effects On Ischemia‐Induced Emotional And Cognitive Impairments. European Journal Of Neuroscience, 53(6), 1738-1751.

Charlotte Cremers
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Ieva Kubiliute is a psychologist and a sex and relationships advisor and a freelance writer. She's also a consultant to several health and wellness brands. While Ieva specialises in covering wellness topics ranging from fitness and nutrition, to mental wellbeing, sex and relationships and health conditions, she has written across a diverse range of lifestyle topics, including beauty and travel. Career highlights so far include: luxury spa-hopping in Spain and joining an £18k-a-year London gym. Someone’s got to do it! When she’s not typing away at her desk—or interviewing experts and case studies, Ieva winds down with yoga, a good movie and great skincare (affordable of course, there’s little she doesn’t know about budget beauty). Things that bring her endless joy: digital detoxes, oat milk lattes and long country walks (and sometimes jogs).

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