IZITHAKO EZI-6 ZEMVELO ZOKUKWETHULA OKULULA UKUCINDEZELEKA

INDLELA YOKUTHOLA ISIHLOKO SE-CBD ESISEBENZAYO

Iyini isihloko se-CBD? Ngabe izihloko ze-CBD zisebenza kangcono kangakanani kumuntu ngamunye? Umuntu angakuthola kanjani ukufinyelela emikhiqizweni yezihloko ze-CBD esebenzayo? Lesi sihloko sichaza ukuthi umuntu angathola kanjani isihloko se-CBD esisebenzayo.

I-CBD isiba yigama lasekhaya, ikakhulukazi ngezikhangiso eziningi ezigcwala izikrini zethelevishini mayelana nezinzuzo zayo ezingaba khona kanye nemikhiqizo yezihloko, kodwa uwuhlukanisa kanjani umkhiqizo wangempela wesihloko we-CBD kojwayelekile? Lesi sihloko silapha ukuze sikusize.

I-CBD yahlukaniswa njengeshejuli engayiphuza ngo-2018, futhi i-hemp ngoMthethosivivinywa Wabalimi owaphasiswa ngo-2018. Inhlanganisela ye-phytocannabinoid eyingxenye yeqembu lama-cannabinoids angaphezu kwekhulu. I-CBD imakethwa njengesebenza kahle ekwehliseni ukuvuvukala, ukulwa nobuhlungu, ekwehliseni ukukhathazeka, kanye nokulwa nemiphumela yezifo zesikhumba ezinjenge-acne ne-psoriasis. Le nhlanganisela ikhishwa kusetshenziswa zonke izingxenye zezitshalo ze-hemp ngaphandle kwembewu yayo. Okukhishiwe bese kwenziwa ama-topical, amafutha, ama-tinctures, ama-vapes, nezinto ezidliwayo, zonke ezinezindlela ezahlukene zokuphatha. Kodwa-ke, ukukhetha ukhilimu we-CBD noma uwoyela osebenzayo kungaba nzima, ikakhulukazi uma umusha kumkhiqizo. Nazi izinto ezimbalwa ezibalulekile okufanele uziqaphele lapho uthenga imikhiqizo ye-CBD ephezulu.

 Umthombo We-Hemp Osetshenzisiwe

Okhilimu be-CBD abasezingeni eliphezulu benziwa kusetshenziswa uwoyela okhishwe ohlotsheni oluphezulu lwe-hemp. I-hemp yezinga eliphezulu yenziwa ngocwaningo oluqinile ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi ama-cannabinoids ahlukahlukene akhona ku-hemp aweqi amazinga athile amukelekayo. Ngokukhethekile, i-hemp ikhuliswa ngaphansi kwezimo ezikhethekile ukuze kuzuzwe ukuhlushwa okuthile kwe-CBD kwamanye ama-cannabinoids. UDe Ternay et al. (2019) wathi lokhu kwenzelwa ukufeza izinhloso ezithile, njengokunciphisa ukukhathazeka noma imiphumela yokuvuvukala. Isibonelo, iwayini le-cherry linephrofayili eqinile ye-terpene kanye nokuqukethwe kwe-CBD okusukela kumaphesenti ayi-15 kuye kwangama-22, kanti isamba se-CBD siyahlukahluka kuye ngokuvunwa nezimo zezulu. Lezi zinhlobonhlobo zingase zibe usizo ekwenzeni okhilimu bokushisa ilanga.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, uhlobo olusetshenzisiwe lunquma izinga le-THC elikhona. I-THC iyinto elawulwayo elinganiselwe ku-0.3% ngesisindo; ezinye izinkampani zisebenzisa i-hemp yezinga eliphansi, equkethe amazinga aphezulu e-THC futhi ingadinga izinqubo zokukhipha okwengeziwe ukuze zisuswe. Kungase kuguqule ukwakheka kokugcina, kuthinte ukusebenza kokhilimu wesihloko.

Ukutshalwa kweHemp Okusetshenziselwa Ukukhiqiza Amafutha e-CBD

I-CBD ne-THC zingama-cannabinoids amabili atholakala ku-hemp. I-Hemp kufanele itshalwe ngaphansi kwezimo ezikhethekile futhi idinga ukuhlolwa njalo ngumlimi; ngaphandle kwalokho, ingase iphenduke insangu ngokuqongelela amazinga aphezulu eTHC. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-hemp isengozini kakhulu ezinambuzaneni nasezifweni, ngakho-ke abalimi bavame ukusebenzisa izibulala-zinambuzane kanye nezibulala-zinambuzane ukuze bagcine ukhula nezinambuzane zingekho. Lesi sitshalo simunca lezi zinto zamakhemikhali futhi singase singene ngaphakathi uwoyela CBD ngesikhathi sokukhipha. Isibonelo, ama-aerosol zempi abangele ukuthi amanye ama-aerosol asabalale emapulazini e-hemp aseduze, okuholele ku-isomer entsha ye-THC eyaziwa nge-delta 10 THC. Ngakho-ke, kubalulekile ukuhlola izindlela zokulima ukuze uhlakulele i-hemp esetshenziselwa ukukhiqiza imikhiqizo yakho ye-CBD esezingeni eliphezulu. Amakhemikhali engeziwe angabangela ukusabela okubi, ikakhulukazi uma umuntu enokusabela kwe-allergen.

Uhlobo Lwe-CBD Extract Esetshenziselwa Ukwenza Imikhiqizo Yezihloko

 Kusetshenziswa izindlela ezahlukahlukene ukukhipha i-CBD ku-hemp, okuholela ekukhishweni okuhlukile ekubunjweni nasekugxilweni kwe-CBD ekhona. Kungase kuthinte ukusebenza kwe-CBD uma isetshenziswa emzimbeni, ikakhulukazi ngesikhumba. I-Lundquist (2022) wachaza izinhlobo ezintathu eziyinhloko zokukhishwa kwe-CBD, okungukuthi, i-full-spectrum, i-broad-spectrum, kanye ne-CBD isolates. I-CBD egcwele i-spectrum iqukethe wonke ama-cannabinoids ku-hemp loops, njenge-CBN, i-CBDV, i-CBG, ne-0.3% THC. Izihloko ezenziwe ngamafutha agcwele-spectrum zifanele labo abafuna ukujabulela izinzuzo ezigcwele ze-hemp extracts, ikakhulukazi umphumela we-entourage. Kodwa-ke, gwema imikhiqizo eyenziwe nge-CBD egcwele-spectrum, ikakhulukazi uma uthambekele ekuhlolweni kwezidakamizwa noma ufuna ukugwema i-THC ngazo zonke izindleko. I-Broad-spectrum iqukethe zonke izinhlanganisela ze-hemp ekhishwayo kodwa ayikhiphi i-THC. Ingase ilungele abantu abafuna ukugwema i-THC ngokuphelele kodwa abafuna ukuzwa imiphumela yawo wonke ama-cannabinoids akhona ku-hemp. Ukuhlukaniswa kwe-CBD kuyindlela emsulwa ye-CBD futhi azikho ezinye izinhlanganisela. Ilungele abantu abafuna ukuzwa izinzuzo ze-CBD kuphela.

Izindlela Zokukhipha Nokucubungula Ezisetshenziselwa Ukuthola Uwoyela We-CBD

Izindlela ezehlukene zikhipha i-CBD ku-hemp, njengokucwiliswa kwesitimu, ukugeza isikhutha, ukukhishwa kwe-butane/ propane, kanye nokukhipha uwoyela we-olive. I-Handa (2008) yathi ukucwiliswa kwesitimu kuyinqubo yokuhweba esebenza kakhulu esetshenziswa njengoba ishibhile futhi ingenziwa kalula. Kodwa-ke, lapho esetshenziswa, umuntu akakwazi ukulawula izinhlanganisela ezikhishiwe. Ngakho, kungase kubangele ukucutshungulwa okwengeziwe ukuze uthole imikhiqizo oyifunayo. Kungase kube yingozi ku-CBD njengoba kungengeza amakhemikhali engeziwe kumafutha e-CBD ashintsha ukwakheka kwawo. I-Butane/propane isebenzisa lobu tshwala ukukhipha amafutha e-CBD ku-hemp ngokucwilisa isitshalo kuzixazululo ze-propane noma ze-butanol. Okubi ngale ndlela ukuthi lezi zinhlanganisela ezimbili zinobuthi futhi ziyingozi empilweni yomuntu futhi, ngezinye izikhathi, ziphuma zifinyelele emkhiqizweni wokugcina. Kodwa-ke, izinkampani eziphendukela kulezi zindlela zizohlala zenza ukucubungula okwengeziwe ukuze zihlunge noma yiliphi inani elisele lalezi zinhlanganisela.

Imibiko Yelebhu Yenkampani Yangaphandle

Amalebhu ezinkampani zangaphandle avame ukuhlaziya imikhiqizo yezihloko ze-CBD ukuze ahlole okuqukethwe kwayo, ukugxila, kanye nokwakheka kwayo. Izimele ekuhlolweni ngelebhu yabakhiqizi futhi ikhuphula ukuzethemba komthengi emkhiqizweni. Imvamisa, amalebhu athembekile azohlaziya okuqukethwe kulawa mafutha e-CBD ukuze ahlole ukuthi akhona yini amakhompiyutha angaphandle kokukhishiwe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, bahlola ukuze baqinisekise ukuthi ukugxila okubekiwe kwe-CBD kunjengoba kukhonjisiwe ebhodleleni. Imibiko yelebhu yenkampani yangaphandle izokhombisa ukuthi i-extract nayo iqukethe i-THC futhi, uma ikhona, ikuphi ukugxila. Le mibiko ibalulekile njengoba inomthelela ekusebenzeni kokhilimu we-topical noma uwoyela, kodwa ithonya imithamo okufanele isetshenziswe. Njalo hlola amakhodi e-QR anezixhumanisi zamawebhusayithi aqukethe ulwazi oludingekayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, qiniseka ukuthi ilebhu iyilabhorethri ehloniphekile.

Isiphetho

Kuningi Izihloko ze-CBD emakethe, futhi ukwazi ukuthi yikuphi okufanele ukhethe kubaluleke kakhulu. Hlala ubheka imibiko yelebhu evela kumalebhu ezinkampani zangaphandle. Bheka ukugcwala kwe-CBD njengoba kuzoba nomthelela kumthamo okufanele uthathwe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, hlola indlela yokukhipha kanye nendlela yokulima esetshenziswayo ukugwema amakhemikhali angafuneki kuwoyela we-CBD. Sekukonke, zama futhi uthole izibuyekezo mayelana nomkhiqizo owuthengayo, njengoba uzobonisa ulwazi lwangaphambilini lomsebenzisi ngomkhiqizo.

Okubhekwayo

De Ternay, J., Naassila, M., Nourredine, M., Louvet, A., Bailly, F., Sescousse, G., … & Rolland, B. (2019). Amathemba okwelapha e-cannabidiol okungasebenzi kahle kotshwala kanye nomonakalo ohlobene notshwala esibindini nasengqondweni. Imingcele e-Pharmacology10, 627.

I-Handa, SS (2008). Uhlolojikelele lwamasu okukhipha izitshalo zokwelapha kanye nephunga elimnandi. Ubuchwepheshe bokukhipha izitshalo zokwelapha kanye nephunga elimnandi1, I-21-40.

Lundquist, E. (2022). I-Hemp Extract vs. I-CBD Isolate: Ukuqhathanisa Ukwakheka, Isenzo, & Ukusetshenziswa. Impilo.

MS, University of Tartu
Ungoti wokulala

Ngisebenzisa ulwazi oluzuziwe lwezemfundo nobuchwepheshe, ngeluleka iziguli ezinezikhalo ezihlukahlukene mayelana nempilo yengqondo - isimo sengqondo esicindezelekile, uvalo, ukungabi namandla nesithakazelo, ukuphazamiseka kokulala, ukuhlaselwa ukwesaba, imicabango ecindezelayo nokukhathazeka, ubunzima bokugxila, nokucindezeleka. Ngesikhathi sami sokuphumula, ngithanda ukupenda futhi ngihambe ngezinyawo ezinde ogwini lolwandle. Enye yezinto ezingikhathazayo zakamuva yi-sudoku - umsebenzi omuhle kakhulu wokuthulisa umqondo ongakhululekile.

Okwakamuva okuvela ku-CBD