bekhanda

Yini ebangela ubuhlungu bekhanda ngemva kwezindlebe?

Ikhanda elibuhlungu ngemuva kwezindlebe uhlobo lwekhanda elingabangela ubuhlungu noma ukungakhululeki ngemuva kwekhanda, intamo, nezindlebe. Lolu hlobo lwekhanda elibuhlungu libizwa nangokuthi i-occipital neuralgia noma i-occipital headache. Ngokuvamile kubonakala ngobuhlungu obubukhali, obudubulayo obungaba ngezikhathi ezithile noma njalo.

Kunezimbangela eziningana zekhanda elibuhlungu ngemuva kwezindlebe, okuhlanganisa ukungezwani kwemisipha, ukucasuka kwemizwa, kanye nezimo zezokwelapha ezingaphansi. Kulo mhlahlandlela ophelele, sizohlola izimbangela ezihlukahlukene zekhanda elibuhlungu ngemuva kwezindlebe, kanye nezimpawu, ukuxilongwa, kanye nezinketho zokwelashwa ezitholakalayo.

Ukungezwani kwemisipha

Ukuqina kwemisipha kuyimbangela evamile yekhanda elibuhlungu ngemuva kwezindlebe. Lolu hlobo lwekhanda elibuhlungu lungabangelwa ukuhlala isikhathi eside noma ukuma endaweni ethile, ukungami kahle, noma ukusetshenziswa ngokweqile kwezinto zikagesi. Lapho imisipha yentamo nasemahlombe iba qinile futhi iqinile, ingabangela ubuhlungu nokungakhululeki ekhanda, kuhlanganise nangemuva kwezindlebe.

izimpawu:

  • Ubuhlungu noma ukungaphatheki kahle entanyeni, emahlombe, nangemuva kwekhanda
  • Ubumnene emisipha yentamo nasemahlombe
  • Ibanga elilinganiselwe lokunyakaza entanyeni
  • Ikhanda elibuhlungu eliba nzima ngomsebenzi

Ukuxilongwa:

Udokotela angakwazi ukuxilonga ikhanda elibuhlungu ngokuhlola imisipha yentamo namahlombe futhi ahlole ukuthi athambile futhi aqinile.

Ukwelashwa:

  • Ukuphumula nokuphumula: Ukuthatha ikhefu emsebenzini obangele ukungezwani kwekhanda nokuphumula kungasiza ekudambiseni ubuhlungu nokungakhululeki.
  • Ukubhucunga: Ukubhucunga intamo namahlombe kungasiza ukukhulula imisipha eqinile futhi kunciphise ukungezwani.
  • Ukwelapha ukushisa: Ukusebenzisa i-compress efudumele entanyeni nasemahlombe kungasiza ekunciphiseni ubuhlungu futhi kukhuthaze ukuphumula.
  • Ukwelapha ngokomzimba: Ukusebenza nomelaphi womzimba kungasiza ekuthuthukiseni ukuma nokuqinisa imisipha entanyeni nasemahlombe ukuvimbela ukukhanda ikhanda.

Ukucasuka kwemizwa

Ukucasuka kwemizwa nakho kungabangela ikhanda elibuhlungu ngemuva kwezindlebe. Izinzwa ze-occipital, ezisuka entanjeni yomgogodla ophezulu ziye ekhanda, zingacasuka noma zivuvuke, zibangele ubuhlungu nokungahambi kahle ekhanda nasentanyeni.

izimpawu:

  • Ukudubula noma ukugwaza ubuhlungu ngemuva kwekhanda nentamo
  • Ukuzwela ekukhanyeni nomsindo
  • Ukuluma noma ukuba ndikindiki ekhanda
  • Ikhanda elibuhlungu eliba buhlungu ngokuhamba

Ukuxilongwa:

Udokotela angakwazi ukuxilonga i-occipital neuralgia ngokuhlola intamo nekhanda futhi ahlole ukuzwela nokuzwela. Ukuhlolwa kwesithombe, njenge-MRI noma i-CT scan, kungase futhi kuyalwe ukuze kukhishwe ezinye izimo ezingaphansi.

Ukwelashwa:

  • Imithi: Izidambisi zobuhlungu ezingaphezu kwe-counter, njenge-ibuprofen noma i-acetaminophen, zingasiza ekudambiseni ubuhlungu nokungakhululeki. Imithi kadokotela, njengeziphumuza imisipha noma izivimba mizwa, ingase futhi ituswe.
  • Izivimbelo zezinzwa: Ukujova isibulali-zinzwa sendawo emithanjeni ye-occipital kungasiza ukuvimba izimpawu zobuhlungu futhi kunikeze impumuzo.
  • Ukwelapha ngokomzimba: Ukwelula nokuqinisa izivivinyo kungasiza ekunciphiseni ukungezwani entanyeni nasemahlombe futhi kuvimbele ukucasuka kwemizwa.

migraine

I-Migraine wuhlobo lwekhanda elibuhlungu elingabangela ubuhlungu nokungakhululeki ezingxenyeni ezihlukahlukene zekhanda, kuhlanganise nangemuva kwezindlebe. I-Migraines ivame ukubonakala ngokushaya noma ubuhlungu be-pulsing futhi ingahambisana nezinye izimpawu, njengokucanuzela kwenhliziyo, ukuhlanza, nokuzwela ukukhanya nomsindo.

izimpawu:

  • Ubuhlungu bokushaywa noma ukushaywa kohlangothi olulodwa lwekhanda
  • Ukudabuka noma ukuhlanza
  • Ukuzwela ekukhanyeni nomsindo
  • I-Aura, engafaka phakathi ukuphazamiseka kokubuka noma ukuntweza ebusweni noma ezandleni

Ukuxilongwa:

Udokotela angakwazi ukuxilonga i-migraines ngokusekelwe ezimpawu nokuhlolwa ngokomzimba. Ukuhlolwa kwesithombe kungase futhi kuyalwe ukuze kukhishwe ezinye izimo ezingaphansi.

Okwakamuva okuvela kwezokwelapha